ALL THE BOOKS I'VE READ AND WHAT I LEARNED FROM THEM
- Looting The Spiro Mounds An American King Tut's Tomb, David La Vere, 2007
- This book explains the kingdom of the Spiro culture the best that it can and how the artifacts are looted and scattered all over the nation. It also describes the importance of the Spiro mounds and their similarity to Caddo Indians.
- This explained the culture and history of the Caddo in depth.
- Explained in great detail aspects of the Caddo culture.
- Very good descriptions of Mississipian pottery and references to pottery firing from Dumont.
- A very good reference to the revivalist Juan Quezada and the Mata Ortiz methods of ceramic production from a native tradition to contemporary exploratory methods.
- Another very good reference to a revivalist Maria Martinez, her contribution to the ceramics world and native pottery, details about the methods of the SW Indians.
- Good reference to Caddo Pottery from an excavation. Also explanation of pottery procured for the museum from a looted site and good explanations of pottery pieces and their details.
- Very detailed information about the Mississippian Indians and pottery including Caddo and symbology information.
- A multitude of Caddo Pottery examples in full color which is a lot to be said about a publication by a curios and looted pottery trader. Unfortunately a must see, though there is no information given about any of the pieces which could represent fakes and forgeries.
- A very in depth study of the Caddo Nation though mostly about the politics of the post contact culture.
- Very good information about the traditions and culture pre and post contact.
- Good information but mostly about contact and politics of moving.
- Mostly information of post contact dealings.
- The Caddo Myth stories which include information about the serpant as seen in the piasas.
- The ultimate catalog of Caddo styles and type descriptions, many examples though in black in white.
- awesome information about the history of the Caddo and how we interact with our world, and other people, our traditions, and how our dance explains us.
- Lots of information about ceramics in burials. Good mention about the purple or bluish clay with iron and manganese, also very descriptive about the Blue-green glauconite slip used ceremonially to bury pottery.
- Aggravating to read, but a very good source of information about the specific Yatasi tribe, which was my Great-Great Grandmother's tribe. It talks about their location before removal.
- A wealth of information about Caddo burial mounds, an interred pottery. Also goes a long way to clarify the newly understood differences between cultures on past recorded burial excavations.
- Very comprehensive site about the Caddo indians, tradition, culture, pottery, history, and present. One of the best references.
- Information and artwork of SE indians helped to more clearly distinguish SEC native artwork and icons from the Caddo culture.
- A Children's book, but informative nonetheless. I would pass it down to my kids!
- Very nice and technical book that describes the processes of making your own clay, and the materials involved, and their effects and results. Nice rare sought after book
- As mentioend in the Reflection section I like his interpretation of the Mother and Daughters story and how that explains the Caddo matrilineage and support systems. Also liked the explanation of hierarchical relationsips.
- Incredible record of lifes work studying SE and Caddo indian pottery art and techniques. Summary of how to create the clay, pottery, and fire.
- An almost comprehensive encyclopedia of Native American cultures and tribes. Includes some very good information about the many tribes of the Caddoan culture, like the Kadohadacho, Natchitoches, Nebadache, Nacogdotches, Yatasi, Hanai, Bidai, Cahinnio, etc. Also has some structure building information.
- Book about the different Native American cultures and tribes. Not a whole lot of information, but does distinguish some SE Indian cultures and events.
- Nice simple book about handbuilding pottery using several different techniques, traditionally and contemporary.
- Very good book about the Caddo leaders and their influences. Also great account of succession of Caddo Caddis. Also has a good account of areas the individual tribes lived in, like the Yatasi.
- Awesome article about the creation of a black stain made of manganese that is used to create a black or dark chocolate brown color on pottery without the use of slip.
- Short article on the removal assisted by Robert S. Neighbors. Though it does mention something interesting about archeoligists mentioning that the Caddo's might have come from the Mediterranean or North Africa rather than over the Land Bridge from Asia.
- 22 page circular about the History of the Caddo Jake Crossing bridge. Has pictures of my Aunt Maude Miller Whitebead and Caddo Jake.
- Very informative study on shell tempering in respect to strength and toughness in Mississippian pottery with some great conclusions drawn from solid scientific experiements. Also references articles from Stimmel 1982 that I would like very much to find.
- Detailed account of the Hardman site, that explained very definitely where Caddo's made salt as an industry. Suggested salt being used in ceramics with shell temper might cause vitrification into glass. Talked about saltpan wares.
- I read all of the Caddo tribes and bands in the book along with the associated Caddoan tribes and surrounding tribes, Wichita, Kichai, Tonkawa etc. Good information about history, places, and some unkmown chiefs.
- Brief information about the Caddos and Caddoan family tribes and how they interacted with the plains tribes. Described how a couple of plains tribes developed north out of the Caddoan tribes about the time when Spiro was declining.
- Very awesome book on low firing and burnishing techniques.
- Cool children's book on a traditional Caddo story that has the english translation after the Caddo language version.
- Native American Art and Architecture class book about the Plains and Pueblo indians pottery, blankets, and home contruction.
- Very detailed bnook about the minerals of ceramics, how they work, expecially in stoneware claybodies and glazes. Very informative about the use of all minerals in clay. Talks briefly about the "Clay as the origination of life" theory.
- Native American Art and Architecture class book about the pottery and architecture of SouthEastern and Mississippian tribes.
- Very brief but informative video about Maria, her techniques, and legacy. Quickly shows them collecting clay,building and firing pottery.
- An interesting documentary about the beginnings of Mata Ortiz pottery and their relationship to the Paquime Indians of the Casas Grandes ruins and pottery shards. Also about how Juan Quezada started the ceramic industry of their town as it was not a revival. Good information about the use of innovation and how it supports the village.
- Very beautiful book about traditional and contemporary Indian Artist that were influential, and how their culture influenced them.
- A nice book with breifs about the different American native culture pottery and if any, interaction. Talks about pots from Peru, being the start of civilization on this side. Also speaks to contemporary Indian artists, and traditional tempers. Talks about ceramics starting in Georgia 4,500 years ago and spreading to the rest of the Northern Americas before the Southwestern pottery tradition.
- I liked how this article reiterated and pointed out the specific definitions for the techniques that many people mix up, that is engraving, inscribing, and excising. However it does make the mistake of assuming since the "engraved" lines show no polish, and so therefore since the polishing was done before engraving, that the "engraving" was done after firing. That is a false assumption. Pots can and are incised after polishing but before firing. It also makes a false assumption that the surface of the pot is always a different color than the core. It also submits "inscribing" as a new technique which they posit is different from incising.
- Very informative on the process by which classification of pottery types and analysis is done. Included quotes from Sadie Bedoka explainging vessal forms were done by family, by clan, much like pueblo potters have their family designs. Also it talked about how a Hematite rich slip was used adn burnished in before firing. Redart contains hematite among other things.
- Awesome book that shows the stories and perspectives of people of the 1800s during the tumultuous times of American and Native interaction. It showed me too many things to list here, including our orginal numbers before epidemics, federal laws, quotes from Sadie Bedoka on how to make pottery and sifiting using baskets, and Mrs Frank Cussins(Cussens) esplanations of dyes used on pottery, and different clans hacing their own designs.
- Talked a little about the Caddo Trace, talks about how the claims of cannabalism are unfounded and the new Hatino Engraved type description.
- A little dated, but informative book about the Texas Indians. Good insight about how culture's evolution is like the progression of a river. It also talks about how Kiowas were more related to the same group the Pueblos belonged to. Also some controversial subjects, and more origins information.
- Very informative and revealing paper on claybody and temper used in TX pottery. Talks about Frankston, TX having fine white and yellow clays. Also talks about "Featherlight" pottery possibly being created from lignite. The largest source of lignite in the US happens to be the Caddo homeland. Lignite is brown coal. I have a feeling, however, that it might cause pottery to explode in the fire. The paper also shows that teh majority of the pottery in this region are actually a combination of shell, sand, carbon, and potsherds. 26%.
- Almost too many things to list here. There was information about matriarchs in Caddo society, mentions of chiefs, different Caddo sites, population, St Denis, and one thing very important to me was the information about how Caddos traded directly with the Pueblo Indians, most likely the Pecos Pueblo right at the doorstep to the plains. I learned afterwards that when the Pecos pueblo declined that they joined the Jemez Pueblo. The great pueblo revolt most probably destroyed any pottery evidence of trade in those pueblos.
- The most significant thing I got from this is that the Belcher Mound might possibly be the home site of the Yatasi band, which was my Great Great Grandmother's band of the Caddo. Also learning that the Haley Engraved and Holly Fine Engraved were ancestrial to the Belcher Engraved type was interesting. Belcher Engraved pottery was more focused around cosmic representations rather than snake and feather representations. The site had carbon datings back to 200 AD.
- Good examples of the Museum collected true Spiro pieces and sketches of some hard to discern designs. Explains away soem of the myths surrounding Spiro like the pearls and the "chamber."
- Inspiring and informational article on the use of pottery, specifically micaceous pottery from Felipe and Taos, in functional cooking. Breifly describes construction of the pottery and the types of clay. Also gives good information on contacting the most notable micaceous potters.
- A short report by Aunt Loretta (Say-nit Miller) about the Caddos. It mentions the 8 movements of the Caddos since DeSoto and has a very resourceful Bibliography of some books I would like to find.
- Informative article about the Caddo friend, Robert Neighbors and how he was murdered by Ed Cornett. . Also has information about Neighbors being a Freemason, and also about the massacre attackers John Baylor, the same family of the school Baylor here in Oklahoma.
- Brief information about the different Caddo bands of the time including the Yattassee (Yatasi), their location, and how their language was a little different. Also brief information about the Adaize, which are currently claiming tribal authority in Arkansas. It then goes on to give a full description of their journey through Caddo lands and through the original home of the Caddo from time immemorial.
- Extremely informative report that talks about the different clans of the Caddo, including the Bear, Wolf, Buffalo/Alligator, Beaver, Eagle, Raccoon, Crow, Thunder, Panther, and Sun. Also includes Ghost dance songs written music and translations. Also it has an extensive Caddo word list and definitions.
- Just what the titles indicates, a very concise description of each tribe, in this chapter, the Caddos. It gives location information and approximate population numbers of the 1800s. It does give some good detail about how the burial ceromonies proceed; I think she got much information from John Swanton's "Source Material...". It does talk about how the pottery was second only to the Pueblos.
- Very nicely made and beautiful book about the Peyote Ritual, but more about Monroe Tsa Toke and his Kiowa art. It talks a lot about the the ceremonies of the Native America Church, including its earthen alter like the one in the Caddo teepee where they hold the Native American Church regularly. This book was earmarked by letters from Susan Peters to Aunt Doris.
- Definitely full of good maps and tables, also a lot of information about the Jumanos. Tended to lean towards Jumanos being of Caddoan stock which I don't think I agree with though there was a connection through trade. Other archaeologists support the Jumanos were more Uto-Aztecan. Also mentioned the Caddo land holdings being from the Mississippi to the Rio Grande before the arrival of the Apaches.
- Frankston Focus, Poyner Engraved is considered Caddo but looks very Pueblo, and is near Pueblo influence. Brownware of SE NM is Pueblo but it shows up in Caddo homeland sites, as well as El Paso polychrome and Gila Jumano corrugated wares. I like how on page 97 in the summary it references the distinctivness of the Caddo area climax and how archaeoligical evidence suggest a decline of culture and an advance of pottery and influence with the pressure of northern tribes encroaching on the Caddo territory.
- This is definitely a book worth reading. It had lot of information about Maria and her clay and techniques, but also very interesting information about the family and Popovi Da. Popovi Da was an very interesting person and I can relate to him quite a bit. The information about techniques and clay are very insightful.
- I think every page in this book was packed with useful and interesting information. There were a lot of revelations, and lots of connections to previously known info. Tons of good information on genaeology, Caddo language, practices, and history. I think it's a must read for any Caddo wanting to learn more about their culture and history.
- Very remarkable article by Bruce Bernstein on the modern day Indian Market and not specifically it's influences but the direction it has taken and his interpretation on what is considered Traditional pottery and why it is important to maintain.
- Lots of information and evidence of the connection between the Caddo and the Pueblos, especially easternmost Pueblo seettlements like Pecos. Talks about ceramic similarities and borrowed methods between the two and where Caddo sherds were found in Pueblo sites and Pueblo sherds found in Caddo sites. Also talks about turquoise and cotton trade with Hasinai prior to 1540s. Also briefly mentions without realizing it that the Caddo women would have also had to travel the 500+ mile distances between the cultures, but that is exactly how the Caddo operated, bringing women as friends and the sign of friendship and kinship.
- Instructional information about true pit firing, bisque pit firing, raku firing, and other 'primitive' pit-fire methods.
- Loved the description of possible connections of Hodges and Natchitoches to the Path of Souls by accounts from Espinosa and Caddo origin stories.
- A brief article on Knight's Bluff Caddo site, in Texas, but also overviews of past Caddo Conferences, 1989, 1998.
- A report on the findings from the Hardin A site in Texas, and abstracts from Caddo Conference 2000, 2001, and the Brackett Mound site, and a report on Human Effigy pipes from Spiro.
- Very nicely designed book with some very interesting ackowledgements. I learned a bit about the NAGPRA process, but not only that but how it is determined whose object are whose. That plays into the world of Native American art and the IACA. Also one very large realization about how and why a lot of Caddo pottery is chocolate brown. They mention how some pottery is reduced, and some pottery is oxidized, and how some are partially re-oxidized. This re-oxidization causes black carbon in reddish pots to partially burn out, which makes it look brown. It also talks about how the majority of all fine, decorated wares are funerary. This should be a warning to pot hunters that if it is in Caddo ancestrial land, and it is fineware, it is a grave you are digging up.
- Interesting article about East Texas sites and the use of a representational snake on pottery as the first or only known representational designs on Caddo pottery. It offers up reasons why the snake might have been used, and it is the Canebreak rattlesnake and the Diamondback rattlesnake. Also talks about the use of INAA to deduce clay chemical compositions and origins.
- This journal included the works from John Miller about the reporduction of Southeatern primitive pottery, that gives lots of insight about how prehistoric and primitive pottery was made. Also there is an article that discusses the possibility of Caddo living in my area, of Ada, OK , Pontotoc County because of a found earspool (Caddo elite) and a mound and burial site with pottery like the Caddos. Also contained the summary of events of the 52nd Annual Caddo Conference in Tyler, TX that my wife and I attended.
- I learned a little more about the time period that the Caddo started adopting the use of shell tempering as well as the type of vessels that would have contained it and their location regionally.
- Very interesting article on Caddos possibly being in the Ada, OK Pontotoc County area right where I live. It talks about the Blay/Picket Switch site 34PN1, and how Antle found ceramics, and a possible ear spool. ECU as well as Sam Noble did investigations and have articles and artifacts. There is said to possibly be a large site at the confluence of the Canadian and Canadian Sandy Creek. Also of importance is the possibility of actual SouthWestern wares, black on white, being found in the Caddo site!!!! Also information in a report about how a burial found at Shelby site is similar to burials in Spiro mound as well as a mention that Battle Mound might have been the Naguatex. Also my article on the IACA and pictures of my pottery are in this issue and on the cover.
- This is the updated edition and almost different book from the original Smoke Firing book, still reading. This has a wealth of information about up to date artists using smoking methods on their usually burnished wares. However, most kiln fire beforehand. Shows very nice contemporary methods.
- There is so much information in this book I cannot tell it all here. Mostly about Pueblo methods for handbuilding, clay, and firing methods in detail, but it talks in great depth about how modern Native American Indians struggle with the definition of Traditional verses contemporary. So much information about how clay interacts and results from different firing methods.
- This is the earlier release of the Smoke Firing book, but it did have earlier artists featured in it and more information about Pueblo firing methods and also alternative hand made kiln construction methods for smoking and saggaring. It was definitely worth a read even though many of the same subjects were revisited in the new book.
- Very detailed book that reviews and corrects archaeological information about the Caddos. There was a wealth of information, so just a few things I learned was about the Bossier focus possibly being the Yatasi homeland area, the Peregrine Falcon being the forked eye motif, and the Red River being over 14,000 years old.
- This series of books is amazing. It contains hundreds or more shell engraving designs found at Spiro Mounds. It gives tons of examples of designs and a progression from representational to abstract evolution of designs. The narrative and explanations are quite old and outdated and sometimes downright silly and wrong. But the imagery speaks for itself. Tons of Caddo heritage in these books.
Books on the list to read.
1. Battle Mound
2. Gahagan Mound
3. Haley Mound
4. Newman Louisiana Archeology 252, 53
5. Griffith , Hasinai Indians
6. Fox, Traces of Texas History
7. There is a very nice site listing the Caddo Archeology books, reading course at http://www.projectpast.org/caddo/index.html
9. Ferguson site
10. Aboriginal Pottery of the Eastern U.S., W.H. Golmes, avail at gustav
11. INTRODUCTORY HANDBOOK OF TEXAS ARCHAEOLOGY
Intro | Clay | Firing | Reflection | Genealogy | About | History | Dances | Mounds | Caddo Pics | Caddo Chiefs | Caddo Language | Bibliography | Gallery | TayShas | Contact | Site Index :||: Caddo Pottery Designs T-Shirts | Caddo Pottery on Facebook